The Piikani Nation is located along Highway #3 midway between the towns of Fort Macleod and Pincher Creek. Brocket townsite is located on the reserve along the highway.The People
The Piikani, by themselves, were the smallest Blackfoot Tribe to sign Treaty 7, though with the Blackfeet Tribe in the neighboring State of Montana, they form the largest tribe of the Blackfoot Nation. The current chief of the Piikani Nation is Chief Reg Crow Shoe.
When the Piikani signed the Treaty, they asked for "the Oldman River, the Porcupine Hills, and Crow Creeks" to be their home base, as these were their favorite wintering areas which provided a good base to hunt buffalo. When the buffalo began to disappear, the Piikani were encouraged to go to their new reserve to learn agriculture and become farmers. However, agriculture was not favored because of the climate. Instead, they channeled their energies towards ranching and their success as ranchers is still in evidence today. The arrival of missionaries in 1879 also introduced many significant changes to the Piikani lifestyle.
Over the years, the Piikani continued to be a quiet independent people who were not afraid to try new ideas. for example, they were the first band in Alberta to demand a vote in provincial elections, the first to allow liquor onto a reserve, the first to assume administration of their reserve, and the first to host Indian Day Celebrations as a means of retaining and maintaining their culture.
The Piikani also speak the Blackfoot language as do their fellow Blackfoot Tribes. The Piikani continue to strive for self-determination and economic independence for present and future generations. They have established business ventures to create employment for band members, and in 1986, took control of their education by establishing and building a high school as an addition to the existing elementary school on the reserve.